Russell

Keynote Speaker


Daniel Russell

Institute for Social and Behavioral Research, Iowa State University, USA

Daniel Russell completed a B.S. at the University of Tulsa (1975) and a PhD at the University of California, Los Angeles (1980), after which he worked at the College of Medicine at the University of Iowa.  He is currently Professor at the Department of Human Development & Family Studies and the Institute for Social and Behavioral Research at Iowa State University.  His research interests include social support, loneliness, and health, as well as causal attributions in perceptions of social support.  Among the key psychometric instruments he and colleagues have developed are the Social Provisions Scale and the UCLA Loneliness Scale.

He has over 100 peer-reviewed publications, and has been the recipient of several high-profile research grants. Currently, he is currently working (with Carolyn Cutrona) on a four-year project on vulnerability and resilience in African-American parents, for which he received a $2 million grant from the US National Institute of Mental Health.

Links
Daniel Russell’s personal webpage at Iowa State University

Keynote

Daniel Russell’s Keynote Address takes place on Wednesday, 4 August 2010, from 17:30 to 18:30.

Stressful Effects of Where You Live: Studying the Influence of Neighborhood Context Over Time
Based on the pioneering work of Robert Sampson and his colleagues, a large number of studies have been conducted examining the relationship between stressful characteristics of neighborhoods, such as poverty and crime, and dimensions of physical and mental health.  Much of this research has been cross-sectional; very few studies have examined these relationships over time.  Using data from the Family and Community Health Study (FACHS), a large investigation of over 900 African American families we have been conducting since 1997, I will discuss issues that arise in longitudinal studies of neighborhood effects.  One issue concerns the effect of moving from one neighborhood to another; for example, how does leaving a neighborhood with high levels of poverty or crime for a less stressful neighborhood affect the health and well-being of the individual?  A second issue concerns the effects of changes in the neighborhood; does improvement or decline in neighborhood characteristics impact the health and well-being of the neighborhood resident?  Finally, I will discuss factors that may serve to moderate the effects of neighborhood characteristics on feelings of distress.

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